Brief history of Igbominaland
Igbomina is one of generation clan of Yoruba race. The Igbomina are set of people Living in the north – eastern part of Yorubaland, their population reported to be 1 million.
About 90 percent of these native Yoruba race live in today town called Isin, Irepodun and Ifelodun local government of Kwara State,
While the rest are to be found at Ora and Ila-orangun areas of Osun State.
Igbomina people were said to have came to their present place of settlement from different locations and a different time between the 14th and 17th centuries respectively. Majority of igbomina family chain claimed to have came from Ile-ife or Oyo, the two main nuclei of Yoruba.
The Yoruba – Igbomina tradition the area now called igbomina was given to and set up or founded by orangun of Ila as his own share of inheritance from his grandfather, Ododuwa.
Ododuwa was the founding father of all Yoruba races
The Ìgbómìnà (Igboona or Ogboona) people are ancient-hunters, renowned agriculturalists, skillful wood carvers and expert leather artists and a Yoruboid-speaking people that forms the sub-set of the larger ethnic Yoruba people of West Africa, particularly in Nigeria. The Yorubas are group of people that belong to the kwa group of the Niger – Congo linguistic group. Archaeological and linguistic evidence indicate that they had lived in their present habitat from as early as fifth century B.C. The larger Yoruba group are found predominantly in Nigeria and Benin, where the ancient Yoruba Kingdom of Oyo stretched to.
Igbomina elders of Òkè-Ìlá Òràngún (often abbreviated as Òkè-Ìlá), an ancient city in southwestern Nigeria that was capital of an ancient Igbomina-Yoruba city-state of the same name.
The heterogeneous Igbomina people who used to be one of the highly-advanced cloth-weavers are occupying the north-central portion of the Yoruba region of southwestern Nigeria. The Ìgbómìnà spread across what is eastern Kwara State and now northern Osun State. About 90%percent of these people live in the present day Isin, Irepodun and Ifelodun local government parts of Kwara State, while the remaining occupy Ora and Ila – Orangun areas of Osun State.
Ìgbómìnàland is adjoined on the west and northwest by major neighbours such as the Oyo-Yoruba region, on the south and southwest by the Ijesha-Yoruba region, on the south and southeast by the Ekiti-Yoruba region, on the east by the Yagba-Yoruba region, and on the north by the non-Yoruba Nupe region south of the Niger River. Other minor neighbours of the Ìgbómìnà are the Ibolo sub-group of the cities of Offa, Oyan and Okuku in the west.
Olusin of Isan
This sub-group of the Yoruba people migrated to the present place of settlement from various locations and at different times between the 14th and 17th century A.D (Dada, 1985:1) Majority of Igbomina clans claimed to have migrated to the area of present habitation from either Ife or Oyo, the two main nuclei of Yoruba. The progenitor of the Igbomina was a prince of Oduduwa (Johnson, 1921).
According Yoruba-Igbomina tradition the area now called Igbomina was given to and founded by Orangun of Ila as his own share of inheritance from his grandfather, Ododuwa, the purported progenitor of the Yoruba race (Ibiloye, 1994: 33).
According to this tradition, Orangun was the second son (and the fourth child) of Okanbi, the only son of Oduduwa.
He founded Igbomina through the use of Ogbo. It was this Ogbo that was supposed to know the way to the bank of River Niger, the ultimate destination of this itinerant way-farer; hence the name Ogbomona (that is, Ogbo knows the way) literary translated (corrupted over a time) to Igbomina with the passage of time (Ibiloye, 1994: 33).
Apart from those found in Ila area, Igbominaland is more precisely aligned into sixteen administrative parts in Kwara State.
The areas are Omu-Aran, Omupo, Sare, Oke-Ode, Igbaja, Ajase, Isin, Oro, Oro-Ago, Ile-Ire, Ora, , Oko, Ola, Esie, , Idofian and Idofin.
There are known compartments of Igbomina towns and villages in few other locals of Kwara State including Apado in Iponrin area, Jeba in Lanwa district, Apa-Ole, Joromu, Fufu etc., in Akanbi district and Ogbondoroko in Afon area.
Isanlu Isin or Isanlusin is an ancient town in Igbomina-Yoruba land of Kwara State.
It is one of the prominent towns in the Isin Local Government Area of the State.
The Igbominas are often grouped into two; the Igbomina Mosan and Igbomina Moye.
The Moye group includes Oke-Ode , Oro-Ago, Ora, Oko-Ola, Idofin and Agunjin districts.
Mosan group comprises areas such as Omu-Aran, Ajase, Igbaja, Isin, Oro, Share, Esie, Omupo, Idofian and Ila-Orangun.
The cord that firmly holds the Igbomina clan together exhibits in their inseparable dialect, origins, values, culture, institutions and aspirations.
All across Igbominaland, the habit of eating Ewu iyan and Ikasin oka or oka adagbon, is familiar.
These meals are a remake of the overnight leftovers of amala and iyan, a delicacy that adds refreshing flavours of delicious tastes and aromas to the meals.
The “new” taste is highly cherished in especially Omu-Aran that its inhabitants have this refrain ” ewu iyan d’Omu o dotun” , meaning the re-make is no way inferior to the fresh one.
Among the Yoruba, Igbomina people posses the famous Elewe masquerade which is an Egungun representing the ancestors during special festivals.
Igbomina ancient wood work
Igbomina land is also a proud home to many tourist centres.
Many of these are even recognized by different states and federal govt. The first national museum in Nigeria established in 1945 is located at Esie, a standard Zoological Garden where people troop to in order to enjoy their holidays share the same fence with the museum also in Esie.
Ayikunnugba Water Fall at oke-Ila as well as Owu Fall at Isin local govt of kwara state are beauties to behold.
Igbomina people are hardworking, intelligent, industrious, widely travelled, with great exposure and highly focused.